What are Symptoms and Causes of Diabetes

Symptoms and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a problem in which from this, it also has many other effects on metabolism. Diabetes is a problem in which sufficient amount of insulin is not produced in a person’s body and the cells of the body do not react properly to insulin. Insulin is very important because it transports glucose from the blood to the body’s cells. Apart from this, it also has many other effects on metabolism. There are some symptoms and causes of Diabetes.

The food a person provides glucose to the body which the cells use to provide energy to the body. If insulin is not present in the sufficient amount of insulin is not produced in a person’s body and the cells of the body do not react properly to insulin. Insulin is very important because it transports glucose from the blood to the body’s cells. 

Apart body, then they are not able to do their work properly and the blood is not able to deliver glucose to the cells. Due to which glucose gets collected in the blood itself and excessive glucose in the blood can become toxic. Diabetes is usually of three types, type-1 diabetes, type-2 diabetes and gestational diabetes (sugar during pregnancy).


Causes of diabetes

When the body is not able to use blood sugar properly (glucose) then the person has diabetes problem. The following are the main causes of diabetes:

  • Insulin deficiency
  • Diabetes in the family
  • Aging
  • Cholesterol rise
  • Lack of exercise
  • Hormone problems
  • high blood pressure
  • spoiled food

Causes of type 1 diabetes

The exact cause of type-1 diabetes is not known. Usually, the immune system of the human body, which normally fights against harmful bacteria and viruses, attacks and damages the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, causing the insulin levels in the body to decrease.

And expires. After this, sugar begins to form in the blood stream instead of reaching the cells.

Causes of type 2 diabetes

Pre-diabetes is the cause of type-2 diabetes. In type-2 diabetes, the cells of the body become resistant to insulin action, and the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance.

After this, instead of moving sugar into the cells, it starts forming in the blood stream. Excess weight gain causes type-2 diabetes.

Causes of gestational diabetes

During pregnancy, placenta produces hormones to maintain pregnancy. These hormones make cells highly resistant to insulin.

Normally the pancreas produces enough and extra insulin to overcome this resistance but sometimes it is not able to produce enough insulin which causes very little glucose to reach the cells and it accumulates in the blood in excessive amount Due to which gestational diabetes occurs.

Symptoms of Diabetes

According to increased blood sugar in a person’s body, symptoms of diabetes are seen in him. Most people with pre-diabetes or type-2 diabetes do not initially show any symptoms.

But when type-1 diabetes occurs, its symptoms arise much faster and are more severe.

Early symptoms or sign of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, may be subtle or harmless.

In fact, some people do not know that they have diabetes, unless they have problems with long-term damage caused by the disease.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are usually seen quickly in a matter of days or a few weeks. They are also very serious.

How can you tell if you have diabetes? The best way to find out is a blood test. But if you are experiencing any of the following diabetes symptoms, visit your doctor:

1. Frequent urination:

When you have diabetes, your body is less efficient at breaking down food into sugar. Normally your body reabsorbs glucose when it passes through your kidneys.

When you have diabetes, excess sugar (glucose) increases in your blood. 

Your kidneys are forced to do extra work to filter and absorb excess sugar. Excess sugar that your kidneys cannot absorb is excreted in your urine. This causes you to urinate more, especially at night.

2. Thirst more:

As mentioned above, when you have diabetes, your kidneys have to absorb excess sugar. Which requires lots of fluids, so you feel more thirsty.

3. Weight loss:

When you often lose sugar through urine, you also lose calories. In addition, diabetes can prevent sugar from your food from reaching your cells.

4. Excess Appetite:

Extreme hunger pangs, another symptom of diabetes, can come from sharp fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

When the blood sugar level decreases, the body thinks that it has not been fed and needs more glucose, which the cells need in order to function.

5. Fatigue:

Of course you feel fatigued most of the time, because the food you are eating for energy is not being used by cells. Apart from this, dehydration also increases your fatigue.

6. Blurred vision:

Seeing distorted vision and occasional flashes of light is a direct result of high blood sugar levels. Changing the level of fluid in your body can cause the lens in your eye to swell.

Also, when glucose is high in the blood, it changes the shape of the lens and the eye. All this causes the lens to lose its ability and not function properly.

7. Slow healing of cuts and wounds:

Cuts, and early healing of the wound, are another excellent sign of diabetes. The immune system and processes that help the body to heal do not work very well, when your sugar levels are high.

8. Yeast Infection:

Since diabetes brings down your body’s immunity; Infections and diseases are more likely. The diet of yeast is glucose and due to its high levels in the body, it becomes successful.

The infection can grow in any warm, moist flakes of skin, including:

  • Between the fingers and toes
  • Under the breasts
  • Around the sex organs
  • Women, in particular, should beware of vaginal Candida infection.

9. Tingling sensation:

Excess sugar in your blood can cause nerve damage. You may notice tingling and lack of sensation in your hands and feet, as well as aching pain in your arms, hands, feet and legs.

You may also feel burning pain in your arms, hands and feet.

10. Dry mouth and itchy skin:

Diabetes can weaken your ability to fight germs, which increases the risk of infection in your gums. Can pull your gums away from your teeth, loosen your teeth, or develop sores or pus in your gums.

In addition, dehydration can cause dry mouth and itchy skin.

Type-1 diabetes can occur at any age. It is usually seen during childhood or adolescence. Type-2 diabetes is the most common type of the disease and it is common for people over 40 to have diabetes.

Diagnosis of diabetes

A person must be diagnosed with diabetes before treating sugar. The following tests are done to diagnose diabetes.


Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test

Before this test, the person is forbidden to eat anything i.e. fasting plasma glucose test is done about 8 hours after having an empty stomach. This test is done to detect diabetes or prediabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

This test is also done on an empty stomach. Two hours before this test, the patient is fed glucose-containing beverages.

Random Glucose Tolerance Test

In this test, the doctor checks the patient’s blood sugar 4 times. If your blood sugar label is found to be more than twice normal, you have gestational diabetes.

Treatment of sugar

There is no cure for type-1 diabetes other than taking insulin and the person suffers from type-1 diabetes throughout life. But the symptoms of type-2 diabetes can be relieved without any medication daily by exercising, balanced diet, timely breakfast and controlling weight. Special diet helps in controlling type-2 diabetes. In addition, some oral antibiotics help prevent type-2 diabetes from growing.

For the treatment of patients with type-1 diabetes, regular insulin injections are given and it is recommended to take special diet and exercise. While tablets and sometimes insulin injections are also given to treat patients with type-2 diabetes. Despite this, if sugar is not able to be controlled, then there is a high probability of increasing its severity in the patient.

Diabetes Prevention

  • Sugar is a serious disease. A person suffering from this can face many problems but diabetes can be prevented by taking some precautions.
  • Avoid eating sweet foods and refined carbohydrates.
  • Do regular exercise, walk in the morning and evening and do a lot of physical training. Keep the body as active as possible. You can avoid sugar by this.
  • Drink maximum amount of water and avoid consuming sweet and soda-rich beverages. Do not eat ice cream if possible.
  • Control your body weight quickly if it has increased otherwise it may increase the risk of sugar.
  • Do not smoke and drink alcohol, otherwise the chances of getting sugar may increase.
  • High fiber and protein rich food helps to provide protection against sugar.

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