What is type 2 diabetes
Here we will discuss about the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. But before that we know what is type 2 diabetes,
In type 2 diabetes, your blood sugar level is very high and is the most common form of diabetes. Glucose in the blood is the main source of energy that you get from food.
The hormone insulin, made by the pancreas (a type of digestive gland), transports glucose from the cells in your body to the blood, from which cells receive energy.
In type 2 diabetes, your body cannot make enough insulin or use it properly, in which case glucose cannot reach the cells and remains in the blood.
But you can take steps to prevent type 2 diabetes.
Which people are more likely to have type 2 diabetes?
You can get type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, type 2 diabetes is more common in middle-aged and older people.
If you are 45 or older, someone in your family has diabetes, or you are obese and overweight, then you are more likely to have type 2 diabetes.
Physically reduced hyperactivity and other health problems like high blood pressure also increase your chances of developing type diabetes.
If you have had prediabetes or have ever had diabetes during pregnancy, then you are more likely to have diabetes.
Also Read : 8 early symptoms of diabetes-related problems
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The symptoms of type 2 Diabetes are:
- Excessive thirst and urination
- Excessive hunger
- Feeling tired
- Numbness of hands and feet
- Wound healing
- Weight loss for no reason.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly over several years and may be so low that you may not notice them. Many people have no symptoms.
Some people don’t know about the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or heart disease.
What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?
There are many reasons for type 2 diabetes, including:
- Overweight and obesity
- Not physically active
- Insulin immunity
How do doctors or health specialists diagnose type 2 diabetes?
Your doctor or health specialist can diagnose type 2 diabetes based on a blood test.
How can you manage type 2 diabetes?
Some of the important methods for managing type 2 diabetes include controlling blood glucose, blood pressure, cholesterol, and quitting smoking. If you are overweight, you can manage diabetes by making proper diet plans.
Such as lifestyle changes, limiting calories, and staying physically active. If you are taking any prescription medication, you can consult your doctor or health specialist about the appropriate diabetes management plan.
What medications should you take to treat type 2 diabetes?
Along with a proper diabetes plan, you may also need to take diabetes pills, medications, or insulin injections injected into the skin.
Over time, you may also need to take more than one diabetes medicine to control blood glucose.
Even if you don’t take insulin, you may need it in special circumstances, such as during pregnancy or when you are hospitalized.
If you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or any other problems, you may also need medications related to these.
What health problems can people with diabetes have?
By taking proper care of diabetes, you can avoid many health problems related to it. If you don’t take care of it properly, diabetes can cause the following health problems:
- Heart disease and heart attack
- Nerve damage
- Kidney disease
- Foot problems
- Eye disease
- Gum and teeth problems
- Sexual and bladder problems.
Most people with type 2 diabetes have a problem with nonalcoholic fatty liver. If you are obese and overweight, you can improve the disease by reducing weight.
Diabetes is also associated with other health problems, such as sleep apnea (snoring at bedtime), depression, various cancers, and amnesia.
You can take steps to reduce your chances of getting these diabetes-related health problems.
How can you reduce your chances of getting type 2 diabetes?
You can take the following steps to reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes:
- If you are overweight, cut back. You may be able to prevent your diabetes problem by reducing your current weight by 5 to 7 percent. For example, if your weight is 90kg, try to lose 4-6kg.
- At least 30 minutes of physical activity, such as walking and doing this at least 5 days a week. If you are not physically active, talk to your healthcare specialist about what activity is best for you. Start the activity slowly and achieve your goals.