Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms and Causes 

Taking vitamin-C supplements can help diabetes patients to reduce their blood sugar levels throughout the day. A study of this has been found. Research has also found that vitamin C reduces blood pressure in people with type-2 diabetes, which makes the heart condition better.

The truth is that physical activity, good nutrition and diabetes medicines are very important for standard care and management of type-2 diabetes Mellitus in Adults, some people also get their blood sugar levels with medication.

Levels can be difficult to manage. It is worth noting that one in every four people (25.3 per cent) under the age of diabetes in India (25.3 per cent) has adult type 2 diabetes.

This condition should ideally occur only to older adults with diabetes, obesity, unhealthy diets and a family history of inactivity.

What is type 2 diabetes

There are two types of diabetes, the first is type 1 and the second is type 2. There are early symptoms of type 1 diabetes in which insulin production is reduced or insulin stops, and it can be controlled to a great extent.

The blood sugar level of the people affected by type 2 diabetes increases very much, which is very difficult to control.

In this state, the person feels more thirsty, frequent urination and constant hunger cause all this problem. Here are some of the early symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

It develops through a combination of lifestyle and gene related factors. While some are under their control such as diet and obesity and others like aging, femininity and genes are not under control.

Lack of sleep is also associated with type 2 diabetes. This is believed to be due to its effect on astigmatism.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes


One symptom of type 2 diabetes is thirst. It also happens because there is more urination of urine due to type 2 diabetes, more hunger, dry mouth.


There are many other reasons for high blood sugar level such as fatigue, low vision and headache.  If you have diabetes, do not forget it.


There is a need to be very smart because it is known when the disease increases very much. If there are any wounds on the body and they take many days to heal then be careful and not only that.

If there is any infection on your place of urine or skin, see your doctor immediately.

You can stop these risks yourself –

some lifestyle mistakes can make you a victim of this disease. So stay away from them-

  1. Smoking cigarettes
  2. Being overweight or obese
  3. Lack of exercise
  4. Eating processed meat, fat, sweets, and red meat
  5. Triglyceride levels are more than 250 mg / dL 6 HDL cholesterol levels are lower than below 35 mg / dL.

Risk of type 2 diabetes that cannot be prevented

Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians and African Americans are at greater risk of diabetes, or if their parents or a close relative has diabetes in a family history.

So in such a situation the risk of getting diabetes increases. Young people aged 45 and over are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.

Risk of type 2 diabetes in women

women who get diabetes during pregnancy increase their chances of getting type 2 diabetes. If a woman’s child is 9 pounds, then they may also have diabetes.

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome have an increased risk of diabetes.

How does Insulin Work? Insulin is a type of hormone which is very useful for our body. It is only through insulin that sugar gets in our blood, that is, insulin works to deliver sugar to other parts of the body.

The energy delivered to the cells gets the energy from the sugar delivered by insulin.

Insulin resistance

glucose is not reached in the cells of the body in due to which the amount of glucose in the blood increases. Insulin resistance means that if glucose is being produced in your body and your body’s cells are not reacting to it.

Then it means that the digestive gland is not making the insulin it needs.

Type 2 Diabetes test

The amount of glycosylated hemoglobin in the blood is tested during the hemoglobin A1c test. From this, information is obtained about the average blood sugar level of the last 2 to 3 months.

Higher than 6.5% hemoglobin A1c levels are suggestive of diabetes. The second test is the fasting blood test. If the level of your fasting blood test is higher than 126, assume that diabetes is present.

Also Read : 8 early symptoms of diabetes-related problems

Diet for Diabetic patients

choose low fat and low calorie diet. Keep more quantity of fruits, vegetables and grains in the food. Keep changing the food regularly.

And from time to time keep showing your doctor, those who have type 2 diabetes should keep checking their cholesterol.

Exercise for Diabetic patients

Make a goal to do at least 30 minutes of light exercise per day. Get out for a walk, ride a bicycle, take a walk in your garden.

If you cannot exercise continuously, then divide it into several parts throughout the day. Because it would also control your blood sugar level and cholesterol too.

Stay away from stress

stress is not good for diabetic patients. Any type of stress can increase the blood pressure of a diabetic patient, as well as the blood glucose level.

So stay away from stress as much as possible and take care to drink your food.


There is a lot of oral medicine available in the market which can be given to patients with diabetes and good results have also been seen from them.

Some medicines increase the amount of insulin and some use.


Type 2 diabetes patients take insulin and sometimes with oral therapy.

Insulin is used in beta cell failure when pancreas does not produce insulin.

This is called type 2 diabetes and if insulin is not produced then insulin treatment is necessary.

Blood Glucose Test

Diabetes is often examined only after its symptoms are seen. Patients first have to undergo a diabetes test.

Some patients have to take a random glucose test, fasting glucose and insulin, or two hours after taking 75 grams of glucose. Sometimes doctors also formally perform glucose tolerance test.

Damage to the arteries Body diabetes

Two out of three people die of diabetes in the country every day from heart attack. Excessive use of insulin causes damage to the blood vessels, which increases the likelihood of level clots and increases the risk of heart attack.

Kidney damage

Diabetic nephropathy leads to kidney damage along with diabetes. Our kidneys have very fine blood vessels, which work to clean the blood.

Due to diabetes, excess sugar levels damage these blood vessels and gradually the kidney stops functioning.

Damage to the eyes 

Continuous excess of diabetes affects the eyesight. Diabetes occurs in the eye, a disease called retinopathy due to which there is a decrease in eyesight.

In case of negligence, the eyesight can also go. This causes blindness. Keep sugar under control and periodically examine the eyes for protection.

Nerve pain

Tingling, numbness, all of these are called diabetic nerve damage. This type of pain is very much in the hands, feet, fingers, or toes. Therefore, they can be avoided only by controlling their diabetes.

Damage to the foot

Patients suffering from diabetes have more blood circulation discomfort than others, severe damage can be avoided by taking regular exercise.

Prevention of type 2 diabetes –

type 2 diabetes can also be avoided. Provided that you take care of yourself, such as eat a healthy diet, do light exercise and always take care of your weight. If you keep all the things in mind here, then the risk of type 2 diabetes can be avoided and consult your doctor from time to time.

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